Horse Racing Terminology: An Abridged Dictionary

While horse racing is not rocket science, such as many sports you will find expressions and phrases which are unique to it. In order to be a successful bettor you certainly don’t have to understand every word, but there are a few that will be beneficial to understand prior to placing a wager.
How do you know when a race is going to begin? In what increment do they explain the space between horses during a race? What do we know about the horse’s activities on non-race days?
Let us go that you hear around the trail.
Post Times
Here is the time a race begins. In the event the first pitch of a baseball match is slated for 7 pm, then the game can start anywhere from 7:00 pm to 7:05 pm or 7:10 pm. Post time functions in precisely the same way by supplying an approximate starting time for your race. Occasionally there is a minor delay, an equipment issue, or a horse that is being stubborn before loading to the starting gate.
While horse races won’t begin prior to their scheduled post time, they are sometimes postponed a minute or 2. The expression”post” refers to the starting gate, therefore post time is if all the horses have arrived at the gate to start their race. Though not perfectly prompt every time, generally races start very near the scheduled post time.
Race Distances
In most parts of the planet, the metric system (kilo, meter, g ) can be used for dimensions. In the United States, the imperial system (feet, inches, pounds) is favored.
At U.S. tracks, some abnormal imperial terms are used. This results in vocabulary particular to horse racing tracks and sportsbooks.
Horse racing commonly uses the term furlong, meaning one-eighth of a mile. Races are run at four furlongs (0.5 miles), five furlongs (0.625 miles), six furlongs (0.75 miles), and seven furlongs (0.875 miles). The most frequently run sprint races take place over six furlongs.
The most typical sorts of longer horse races are run at one mile or even a mile-and-a-quarter. One and a one-quarter mile is the distance of the Kentucky Derby and Breeders’ Cup Classic among other marquee events. But, shorter races have been run at fractions of a mile.
Often during the running of a horse race, the announcer will indicate just how much space remains in the race by saying something such as,”one furlong to run” Exactly what the announcer means is that there’s one-eighth of a mile left until the chief hits the finish line.
To be able to indicate the space that separates horses often the term length is used. Length is the size of a single horse. When a horse is running in the tail, the trunk of some other horse, he is one length behind. When Secretariat won the 1973 Belmont Stakes by a record margin, then he won by 31 horse spans.
If horses are closer together than even half-a-length, the expression neck is frequently utilized. A horse which is”just a neck behind” is set the length of a horse’s neck back of the horse in front of him.
The closest two horses can get to each other before they are tied is 1 head apart. When a horse is just a”head” behind, he’s rather close to overtaking the horse in front of him as possible; he is a”bob” or”stride” from overtaking or tying the horse ahead of him.
Horse Racing Betting Principles While gambling on horse racing may appear complex because of foreign terminology, or the very long list of types of bets which can be found, wagering could be quite straightforward. We discuss horse racing betting types and basics extensively as part of our the way to wager series, but here’s a fast refresher on the essentials.
Straight Bets
The backbone of horse racing is betting to win. A win bet is a straight bet and doesn’t want numerous things to occur in a race or series of races in order for you to win cash. There are three varieties of straight wagers. Most tracks have a minimum of $2 on straight bets.
Choose the horse who crosses the finish line and you’re a winner. Here is the most common and simplest bet at the track.
If you’re more risk averse or unsure about a specific horse, betting to place ways you win your bet if the horse finishes first or second in a race. Since the horse could finish in either place, the payouts will be less than on a win wager.
If a person states that a horse”put,” that means the horse finished second.
Show Betting to show isn’t particularly rewarding, but is still the most secure way to have fun and not shed a good deal. If you pick a horse to show all it should do to get back a little profit is finish first, second, or third in a hurry. Prove bets often return $3 total or less on a $1 bet.
The expression a horse”revealed” suggests that the horse finished third in a race.
Exotic Bets
When there are numerous types of exotic bets, all of them return to one of two concepts: flat wagers or vertical wagers.
Vertical wagers are when you are betting the order of finish in a given race. Horizontal wagers are if you try to spot winners of consecutive races.
Vertical Betting
The”vertical” in vertical stakes indicates that you’re likely to be more structuring your wager from the top down. In horse racing, which suggests that you are going to be betting on the order of finish in a race.
An exacta is a vertical bet where you must select who will win the race and that will finish second in the right order.
A trifecta challenges one to pick the precise sequence of the top 3 finishers in one race.
The superfecta requires one to select the winner, runner up, show horse, and fourth place finisher in the correct order in order to cash your ticket.
Horizontal Betting
The word horizontal denotes something straight across, and in horse racing that usually means you are going to need to decide on the winner of several horse races. In nature, horizontal wagers imply you’re developing a bet where you have to select winners across races.
In Daily Doubles, Pick 3, Pick 4’s, Select 5, and Pick 6’s you must identify the winner of numerous races in a row.
As you would expect, the Daily Double requires you to pick the winner in two consecutive races, the Pick 3 is three races in a rowup to the almighty Select 6 that is essentially a six-race parlay where you must select the winner in each one of the six consecutive races.
Racing Classifications
At its heart, horse racing is aggressive, but equally competitive. Having the very best horses beating just slower horses could prove unfair.
Obviously, there are myriad race kinds, so you are going to have to be aware of the vocabulary used to explain them before you start betting.
A horse that hasn’t won a race is called a maiden. After a horse breaks their maiden, winning a race that is quite likely against other horses who have never won, they are no longer a maiden and cannot compete in races designed just for winless horses.
A claiming race signifies each horse at the event is available to be purchased before it begins. There can be maiden claimers (winless horses) up available too.
Additionally, there are optional claiming races where each owner decides whether he wants his horse up for sale daily.
A horse that runs in allowance races aren’t suitable for sale and almost always have won at least one race.
Allowance races can have limitations, such as just being open to horses or female horses.
Stakes Races
The highest quality allowance races are labeled bets. This implies there is a significant handbag available which clearly attracts the best horses.
Horse racing has different levels of competition. Maiden races are for horses who have never won a race, so claiming races are horses competing for a purse who are for sale the day they race, and stakes races are for horses who are not for sale and competing to get a substantial cost.
Obviously, with bigger purses come faster horses. As such, you know that if a horse wins a stakes race they’re a pretty high-quality runner.
There are various sorts of stakes races.
The top of the best run in graded stakes races, together with the top events like the Kentucky Derby or Breeders’ Cup Classic being marketed as Grade 1 attractions. Just under a Grade 1 race is a Grade 2, and Grade 3 contests are just below Grade 2 competitions. Nearly all graded stakes races are in the very best tracks and involve the fastest horses at a specified track.
Grade 1 Stakes Races
Grade 1 races would be the best of the top featuring the top horses and they possess the largest purses, frequently in excess of $1 million. All the most famous races, like the Kentucky Derby or Breeders’ Cup, are Grade 1. A horse who wins a Grade 1 race is like a player that has won an MVP. It is a distinction and achievement to not be understated.
Grade 2 Stakes Races
Grade 2 races are just below Grade 1. They rarely have stakes of over $1 million, but almost always are worth at least $100,000. Frequently on big race days, the undercard races have been Grade 2’s. About Kentucky Derby Weekend that the Alysheba Stakes, Eight Belles Stakes, Turf Sprint, American Turf, and Distaff Turf Mile are all Grade 2 occasions.
Grace 3 Stakes Races
Grade 3 occasions are high quality, and don’t occur daily, but are below Grade 1 and 2’s.
These events can be the main attraction at a lesser track on a large day, like the San Francisco Mile in Golden Gate Fields, or the Longacres Mile at Emerald Downs. Grade 3’s is also secondary races throughout big race times, like the Brooklyn Invitational and Jaipur Invitational on Belmont Stakes Day at New York.
Listed Stake
After rated races are recorded bets, which are notable because they are not of the caliber of a graded event, however they are above a normal stakes race. A regular stakes race is your daily feature race, best race in a fantastic race track on many days, or a notable event on a big weekend in a smaller venue.
Steeplechase Races
Even though they are rarely seen, steeplechase races are events which have hurdles the horses must jump over a few times during the course of the event.
They are almost always run on grass and frequently over great distances, sometimes a couple of miles. Jumpers usually do not run in races that are flat, and seldom do thoroughbreds change from a race without hurdles to a person with them.
Get Educated
These are a few of the things that make horse racing unique. Terminology and language originally may be intimidating, but after you learn them they eventually become second nature.
To learn more about horse racing betting or sports gambling generally, check out our betting 101 section in addition to our how-to guides. Remember the more you understand, the better your chance at winning.

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