Horse Racing Terminology: An Abridged Dictionary

While horse racing isn’t rocket science, such as many sports you will find expressions and phrases that are unique to it. In order to be an effective bettor you definitely don’t need to understand every term, however there are a few that would be beneficial to understand before placing a wager.
How can you know when a race will begin? In what increment do they explain the distance between horses during a race? What do we know about the horse’s activities on non-race days?
Let us go through some keys words that you hear about the trail.
Post Times
This is the time that a race begins. If the very first pitch of a baseball game is slated for 7 pm, the game can begin anywhere from 7:00 pm to 7:05 pm or 7:10 pm. Post time functions in precisely the same fashion by supplying an approximate starting time to the race. Sometimes there is a minor delay, an equipment issue, or even a horse that is being stubborn before loading into the starting gate.
While horse races won’t begin prior to their scheduled post time, they can be delayed a minute or 2. The term”article” identifies the starting gate, so post time is when all of the horses have arrived at the gate to begin their race. Though not absolutely prompt every moment, generally races begin very close to the scheduled post time.
Race Distances
In most areas of the planet, the metric system (kilo, meter, grams) can be used for dimensions. In the USA, the imperial system (feet, inches, pounds) is favored.
At U.S. tracks, some abnormal imperial provisions are utilized. This leads to vocabulary particular to horse racing tracks and sportsbooks.
Horse racing commonly uses the term furlong, meaning one-eighth of a mile. Races are run at four furlongs (0.5 miles), five furlongs (0.625 kilometers ), six furlongs (0.75 miles), and seven furlongs (0.875 miles). The most often run sprint races occur over six furlongs.
The most common sorts of longer horse races are run at one mile or a mile-and-a-quarter. One and a one-quarter mile is the distance of the Kentucky Derby and Breeders’ Cup Classic among other marquee events. However, shorter races have been conducted at fractions of a mile.
Frequently during the conducting of a horse race, the announcer will signify just how much distance remains in the race by saying something such as,”one furlong to run.” What the announcer means is that there’s one-eighth of a mile left until the chief hits the end line.
In order to indicate the distance that separates horses often the term length is utilized. Length is the size of one horse. If a horse is running at the tail, the back of some other horse, he is one length behind. When Secretariat won the 1973 Belmont Stakes by a record margin, then he won by 31 horse lengths.
If horses are nearer together than half-a-length, the expression neck is frequently utilized. A horse that is”just a neck behind” is positioned the length of a horse’s neck back of this horse facing him.
The closest two horses can get to each other until they’re tied is 1 head apart. When a horse is just a”head” behind, he’s rather close to overtaking the horse in front of him as possible; he’s a”bob” or”stride” away from overtaking or linking the horse before him.
Horse Racing Betting Principles While gambling on horse racing can seem complicated because of foreign terminology, or the very long list of types of bets which can be found, wagering can be pretty simple. We go over horse racing betting types and fundamentals extensively as part of our how to bet string, but here is a quick refresher on the essentials.
Straight Bets
The back of horse racing is gambling to win. A win bet is a straight wager and does not want numerous things to happen in a race or series of races so for you to acquire cash. There are 3 varieties of straight wagers. Most monitors have a minimum of $2 on straight bets.
Opt for the horse who crosses the finish line and you are a winner. This is the most common and simplest wager at the track.
If you’re more risk averse or unsure about a specific horse, betting to place means you win your bet if the horse finishes first or second in a race. Since the horse can complete in either place, the payouts will be less than on a win wager.
If a person says that a horse”put,” that means that the horse finished next.
Show Betting to reveal is not particularly rewarding, but is the most secure way to have fun and not lose a lot. Should you pick a horse to demonstrate all it should do to return a small profit is complete first, second, or at a hurry. Show bets often return $3 total or less on a $2 wager.
The expression a horse”revealed” suggests the horse finished third in a race.
Exotic Bets
While there are numerous types of exotic bets, all of them come down to one of two theories: flat wagers or vertical wagers.
Vertical wagers are if you’re betting the order of finish in a given race. Horizontal wagers are if you attempt to spot winners of successive races.
Vertical Betting
The”vertical” in vertical bets indicates that you’re likely to be structuring your wager from the top down. In horse racing, that implies that you’re going to be gambling on the order of finish in a race.
An exacta is a vertical bet at which you must select who’ll win the race and that will finish second in the correct order.
A trifecta challenges you to pick the precise sequence of the top 3 finishers in a single race.
The superfecta requires one to pick the winner, runner up, show horse, and fourth place finisher in the correct order so as to cash your ticket.
Horizontal Betting
The word flat denotes something right across, and in horse racing that means you’ll need to pick the winner of several horse races. In essence, horizontal wagers mean you’re creating a wager where you have to pick winners throughout races.
In Daily Doubles, Pick 3’s, Pick 4’s, Pick 5’s, and Pick 6’s you must identify the winner of multiple races in a row.
As you would expect, the Daily Double demands you to select the winner in two consecutive races, the Select 3 is three races in a rowup to the almighty Pick 6 that is basically a six-race parlay where you have to select the winner at each one of the six consecutive races.
Racing Classifications
At its heart, horse racing is competitive, but equally competitive. Possessing the very best horses beating just slower horses would prove unfair.
Obviously, there are myriad race kinds, which means you’ll need to be aware of the language used to describe them before you start betting.
A horse who has never won a race is called a maiden. After a horse rests their maiden, winning a race that is very likely against other horses who have never won, they are no longer a maiden and cannot compete in races made just for winless horses.
A claiming race means every horse in the event is available to be bought before it begins. There may be maiden claimers (winless horses) up for sale also.
Additionally, there are optional claiming races at which each owner decides whether or not he needs his horse up for sale that day.
A horse that runs in allowance races are not for sale and almost always have won at least one race.
Allowance races may have restrictions, like only being open to horses or female horses.
Stakes Races
The best high quality allowance races are labeled bets. This implies there’s an important handbag available which obviously attracts the best horses.
Horse racing has different levels of competition. Maiden races are for horses who have never won a race, asserting races are horses competing for a handbag who are available the day they race, and stakes races are for horses that are not for sale and competing for a substantial cost.
Of course, with bigger purses come quicker horses. As such, you know that if a horse wins a stakes race they’re a pretty high-quality runner.
There are various sorts of stakes races.
The best of the best streak in graded stakes races, with the top events like the Kentucky Derby or Breeders’ Cup Classic being designated as Grade 1 draws. Just under a Grade 1 race is a Grade 2, and Grade 3 competitions are simply below Grade 2 contests. Virtually all graded stakes races are in the top monitors and involve the quickest horses at a given track.
Grade 1 Stakes Races
Grade 1 races are the best of the best featuring the top horses and they possess the biggest purses, frequently in excess of $1 million. All of the most famous races, like the Kentucky Derby or Breeders’ Cup, are Grade 1. A horse that wins a Grade 1 race is like a player who has won an MVP. It is a distinction and achievement to not be understated.
Grade 2 Stakes Races
Grade 2 races are only below Grade 1’s. They rarely have bets of over $1 million, but nearly always are worth at least $100,000. Often on big race days, the undercard races are Grade 2’s. About Kentucky Derby Weekend the Alysheba Stakes, Eight Belles Stakes, Turf Sprint, American Turf, and Distaff Turf Mile are Grade 2 events.
Grace 3 Stakes Races
Grade 3 occasions are high quality, and do not happen every day, but are under Grade 1 and 2’s.
These events could be the main attraction at a lesser track on a large day, such as the San Francisco Mile in Golden Gate Fields, or the Longacres Mile in Emerald Downs. Grade 3’s can also be secondary races throughout large race times, like the Brooklyn Invitational and Jaipur Invitational on Belmont Stakes Day at New York.
Listed Stake
After rated races are listed bets, which are noteworthy because they’re not of the caliber of a graded event, however they are over a normal stakes race. A normal stakes race is your daily feature race, best race in a good race track on many times, or a remarkable occasion on a large weekend in a smaller venue.
Steeplechase Races
Even though they are rarely seen, steeplechase races are events that include hurdles the horses must jump over a few times during the course of the event.
They are almost always operate on grass and frequently over great distances, sometimes two or three miles. Jumpers do not run in races that are flat, and seldom do thoroughbreds change out of a race without barriers to a person with them.
Get Educated
These are a few of the things that make horse racing exceptional. Terminology and language initially may be intimidating, but once you learn them they become second nature.
To find out more about horse racing betting or sports betting in general, check out our gambling 101 section in addition to our how-to guides. Keep in mind, the more you understand, the better your shot at winning.

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