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Horse Racing Terminology: An Abridged Dictionary

While horse racing is not rocket science, like many sports you will find expressions and phrases which are unique to it. So as to be a successful bettor you definitely don’t have to know every term, but there are some that will be beneficial to understand before placing a bet.
How do you know when a race will begin? In what increment do they describe the space between horses during a race? What do we know about the horse’s activities on non-race days?
Let’s go that you hear about the track.
Post Times
Here is the time that a race begins. If the first pitch of a baseball game is slated for 7 pm, the game can begin anywhere from 7:00 pm to 7:05 pm or 7:10 pm. Post time works in the exact same way by providing an approximate starting time for the race. Occasionally there’s a minor delay, an equipment problem, or even a horse that is being stubborn before loading into the starting gate.
While horse races will not start before their scheduled post time, they are sometimes delayed a minute or two. The expression”article” refers to the starting gate, so post time is if all of the horses have arrived at the gate to begin their race. Though not perfectly prompt every moment, generally races start very close to the scheduled post time.
Race Distances
In most parts of the world, the metric system (kilo, meter, g ) can be used for measurements. In the USA, the imperial system (feet, inches, pounds) is favored.
In U.S. tracks, some strange imperial terms are used. This leads to vocabulary specific to horse racing tracks and sportsbooks.
Furlong
Horse racing commonly uses the term furlong, meaning one-eighth of a mile. Races are conducted at four furlongs (0.5 miles), five furlongs (0.625 miles), six furlongs (0.75 miles), and seven furlongs (0.875 kilometers ). The most often run sprint races take place over six furlongs.
The most typical sorts of longer horse races are run at one mile or a mile-and-a-quarter. One and a one-quarter mile is the distance of the Kentucky Derby and Breeders’ Cup Classic among other marquee events. But, shorter races have been run at fractions of a mile.
Frequently during the running of a horse race, the announcer will signify how much distance stays in the race by saying something such as,”one furlong to run” What the announcer means is that there’s one-eighth of a mile left until the chief hits the end line.
Length
To be able to indicate the distance that divides horses often the term length is used. Length is the size of a single horse. When a horse is running at the tail, the back of another horse, he is 1 length behind. When Secretariat won the 1973 Belmont Stakes by a record margin, then he won by 31 horse spans.
Neck
If horses are closer together than even half-a-length, the expression neck is often used. A horse which is”just a neck behind” is set the length of a horse’s neck back of this horse facing him/her.
Head
The nearest two horses can access to each other before they are tied is 1 head apart. If a horse is merely a”mind” behind, he is rather close to overtaking the horse in front of him as possible; he is a”bob” or”stride” away from overtaking or tying the horse before him.
Horse Racing Betting Basics While betting on horse racing may appear complex because of foreign language, or the very long list of kinds of bets that can be found, wagering can be quite straightforward. We go over horse racing gambling types and fundamentals extensively as a part of our how to wager string, but here’s a quick refresher on the essentials.
Straight Bets
The back of horse racing is betting to win. A win bet is a straight wager and doesn’t want multiple things to occur in a race or series of races so for you to win cash. There are 3 varieties of straight wagers. Most monitors have a minimum of 2 on straight bets.
Win
Choose the horse who crosses the finish line and you are a winner. Here is the most common and simplest wager at the track.
Place
If you’re more risk averse or unsure about a specific horse, betting to place means you win your bet if the horse finishes first or second in a hurry. Because the horse can finish in either place, the payouts will be less than on a win bet.
If a person states that a horse”put,” that means the horse finished second.
Prove Betting to reveal is not particularly profitable, but is still the most secure way to have fun, not lose a good deal. If you decide on a horse to show it all needs to do to get back a little profit is finish first, second, or third in a race. Show bets often return $3 total or less on a $1 wager.
The expression a horse”showed” suggests the horse finished third in a race.
Exotic Bets
When there are many types of exotic stakes, they all come down to one of two concepts: horizontal wagers or vertical wagers.
Vertical wagers are if you are betting the order of finish in a specific race. Horizontal wagers are if you try to identify winners of consecutive races.
Vertical Betting
The”vertical” in vertical stakes indicates that you are going to be more structuring your wager in the top down. In horse racing, that implies that you are likely to be gambling on the order of finish in a race.
An exacta is a vertical wager where you must select who will win the race and that will finish second in the correct order.
A trifecta challenges one to pick the exact order of the top 3 finishers in a single race.
The superfecta requires one to select the winner, runner up, show horse, and fourth place finisher in the proper order in order to cash your ticket.
Horizontal Betting
The term horizontal denotes something right across, and in horse racing that usually means you’ll have to pick the winner of many horse races. In essence, horizontal wagers mean you are developing a bet in which you have to select winners throughout races.
In Daily Doubles, Pick 3’s, Pick 4, Pick 5’s, and Pick 6’s you have to determine the winner of numerous races in a row.
As you would expect, the Daily Double demands you to pick the winner in two straight races, the Select 3 is three races in a row, up to the almighty Pick 6 that is basically a six-race parlay where you must pick the winner at each of the six consecutive races.
Racing Classifications
In its heart, horse racing is competitive, but equally competitive. Possessing the best horses beating younger or just slower horses would prove unfair.
Of course, there are myriad race kinds, which means you’ll need to be aware of the language used to describe them before you start betting.
Maidens
A horse that hasn’t won a race is called a maiden. Once a horse rests their maiden, winning a race that is very likely against other horses who have never won, they’re no more a maiden and cannot compete in races designed only for winless horses.
Claimers
A claiming race means each horse at the event is available to be bought before it starts. There can be maiden claimers (winless horses) up available too.
There are also optional claiming races where each owner decides whether or not he needs up his horse for sale daily.
Allowance
A horse which runs in allowance races are not for sale and nearly always have won a minumum of one race.
Allowance races can have restrictions, like only being open to older horses or female horses.
Stakes Races
The best high quality allowance races are labeled bets. This implies there is an important purse available which obviously attracts the best horses.
Horse racing has various levels of competition. Maiden races are for horses who have never won a race, so asserting races are horses competing for a purse who are available the day they rush, and stakes races are for horses that are not for sale and competing for a substantial cost.
Obviously, with larger purses come quicker horses. As such, you understand that when a horse wins a stakes race they’re a pretty high quality runner.
There are various sorts of bets races.
The best of the best run in graded stakes races, with all the very best events such as the Kentucky Derby or Breeders’ Cup Classic being designated as Grade 1 attractions. Just under a Grade 1 race is a Grade 2, and Grade 3 contests are just below Grade 2 contests. Virtually all graded stakes races are at the top monitors and involve the fastest horses at a given track.
Grade 1 Stakes Races
Grade 1 races would be the best of the best featuring the very best horses and they possess the biggest purses, often in excess of $1 million. All the most famous races, like the Kentucky Derby or Breeders’ Cup, are Grade 1. A horse that wins a Grade 1 race is similar to a player who has won an MVP. It’s a distinction and accomplishment not to be understated.
Grade 2 Stakes Races
Grade 2 races are only below Grade 1. They rarely have bets of more than $1 million, but almost always are worth at least $100,000. Often on big race days, the undercard races are Grade 2. On Kentucky Derby Weekend that the Alysheba Stakes, Eight Belles Stakes, Turf Sprint, American Turf, and Distaff Turf Mile are Grade 2 occasions.
Grace 3 Stakes Races
Grade 3 occasions are high quality, and don’t happen daily, but are below Grade 1 and 2.
These events could be the Primary attraction in a smaller track on a large day, like the San Francisco Mile in Golden Gate Fields, or the Longacres Mile in Emerald Downs. Grade 3’s is also secondary races during large race days, like the Brooklyn Invitational and Jaipur Invitational on Belmont Stakes Day in New York.
Listed Stake
After graded races are recorded stakes, which are notable because they’re not of the caliber of a graded event, however they are over a normal stakes race. A normal stakes race is the day-to-day feature race, greatest race at a good race track on many times, or a remarkable occasion on a large weekend in a smaller venue.
Steeplechase Races
Though they are rarely seen, steeplechase races are events that include hurdles the horses must jump over several times during the course of the event.
They’re nearly always run on grass and frequently over great distances, sometimes a couple of miles. Jumpers do not operate in flat races, and rarely do thoroughbreds change from a race without hurdles to a person with them.
Get Educated
These are some of the things that make horse racing unique. Terminology and language originally may be intimidating, but after you understand them they eventually become second nature.
To find out more about horse racing gambling or sports gambling in general, take a look at our gambling 101 section in addition to our how-to guides. Remember the more you understand, the better your shot at winning.

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